That makes it one hive dead for this winter, a percentage loss of 4.3%.
While opponents of treatment-free beekeeping continue to disagree, I'm considering this a wild success. For three years now, my losses have been below, well below, or far below industry and national averages. This is not a miracle, it's the result of nature handling disease and a decent beekeeper handling management. This latest inspection demonstrates a greater number of active and productive hives